Use Wikipedia to learn the source criticism

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Use Wikipedia to learn the source criticism

Credit: 30 minutes

Audience: Secondary Students

To the teacher: The headings below that begins with Teacher: includes depening information.

Initial questions

  • What is the source criticism?
  • Why is it important?

Teacher: Brief presentation of source criticism

Source criticism is a critical examination of the source material, and an assessment of the credibility of the allegations contained in one source. Source criticism is a central scientific method to ensure that the conclusions drawn in a study actually based on reliable basic facts.

Source Criticism consists of a number of criteria originally developed for the science of history, to evaluate the information in historical and religious documents are myths and have changed through the oral tradition, and which ones are likely. Source Criticism has also proved useful in other sciences, of journalists and writers, and anyone who tries to create a picture of reality from the society's information flow. [1]

Exercise 1

It is said many things on the internet in blogs, wikis and other Web sites. How do we know that it is true? Consider two and two critically on the photographs below.

Sharia-law-Billboard.jpg
Demoralization Leaflet SKJ 2006 front.jpeg

Did you think about this?

  • What is the message?
  • Is there a hidden agenda?
  • Who is the sender?
  • Who is the intended recipient?
  • In which context they have been, do you think?
  • Neutral presentation? Safety Charged words

Guantanamo

Leo's tips to explore images

  1. Check Tineye.com
  2. Check Google image search Click on the image of a camera in the search field - Searching by pictures
  3. Check metadata Regex.com

Exercise 2

In a written article in the Wikipedia example. How do we think critically there? Discuss in whole group and write on the board.

Teacher: Wikipedia's founding principles

Read about Wikipedia's founding principles and verifiability

Teacher: Source critique parts

Below are some points to consider when trying to assess an article.

  • Who is the author of the source? Is the author an expert in the field and neutral?
  • For what purpose has been the source created? In order to objectively present the facts, to advertise, to argue for their own views or to entertain?
  • Is the information current? Is it possible to find a date for release?
  • Do other facts reviewed and approved publication? Facing a government agency or large organization behind the information, and it is important for the organization of the information is correct? Is the source a research publication that has been reviewed by other scientists? Is the source of a textbook that has been published in an academic educational publishers?
  • Can others verify this information? Does the author in turn sources, and presents the author approaches they have used to reach their conclusions in a way so that the investigation or experiment can be repeated?
  • Is it possible to find other credible sources? Telling other sources the same? [2]

Teacher: Criteria for source criticism

  • Identification of the source, which attempts to assess its author, its creation situation, the purpose of creation and the source is genuine or not.
  • Concurrency criterion that considers the author's (contemporary witness) proximity in time and space to convey information source, ie whether it is first-hand information from an eyewitness, or the oral tradition may have altered the task.
  • Tendency criterion that considers the author's interest in influencing public opinion in a certain direction.
  • Depending criterion that considers coherent sources internal interdependent.
  • Selection criterion that considers the author's choice of sources and their tendency, which also includes an assessment of the sources of missing and could possibly change the affidavit. [3]

Exercise 3

Divide participants into groups and ask them to randomise an article. Study them critically and present to the rest of the group.

Teacher: Examples of sources that are difficult to penetrate

Teacher: Deepening Proposal

Exercise 4

When select Wikipedia, NE, Google, books, newspaper archive as a source? Why? Give an example.

Sources

  1. C3 % A4llkritik Source criticism on Wikipedia
  2. C3% A4llkritik Source criticism on Wikipedia
  3. K% C3% A4llkritik Source criticism on Wikipedia

Links